The above link was a discovery I came across whilst in study of the shadows that the great Pyramid casts through out the seasons. A calendar emerged from this which I matched up to the Calendar in the book of Jubilees and the books of Enoch and the 360 day year calendar of the scriptures. The 360/364 day year seems to be the standard in the ancient pre and post flood world.


Dimensions and architecture


The base measurements of the Great Pyramid are: north - 755.43 ft; south -756.08 ft; east - 755.88 ft; west - 755.77 ft. These dimensions show no two sides are identical; however, the distance between the longest and shortest side is only 7.8 inches.Each side is oriented almost exactly with the four Cardinal points. The following being the estimated errors: north side 2'28" south of west; south side 1'57" south of west; east side 5'30" west of north; and west side 2'30" west of north. The four corners were almost perfect right angles: north-east 90degrees 3' 2"; north-west 89 degrees 59'58"; south-east 89 deg 56'27"; and south-west 90 deg 0'33".When completed, it rose to a height of 481.4 ft., the top 31 feet of which are now missing. It's four sides incline at an angle of about 51deg. 51 min. with the ground. At its base, it covers an area of about 13.1 acres. It was built in 201 stepped tiers, which are visible because the casing stones have been removed. It rises to the height of a modern 40-story building.




The pyramid is built partly upon a solid, large, bedrock core and a platform of limestone blocks which can be seen at the northern and eastern sides. The builder of this pyramid was very wise to choose this site because most of the stones, with the exception of the casing stones, some granite and basalt stones, could be cut right on the spot and in the nearby quarry. This practical choice made it possible to reduce considerably the time and back-breaking labor needed to drag the stones from distant quarries across the Nile. The first Step of the pyramid rests on a platform of finely finished limestone blocks. These blocks are approximately 2.5 ft x 10 ft x 10 ft.. They project beyond the outer edges of the first Step's Casing Stones an average of 2 feet on all sides. This platform is so flat that the official survey of the Egyptian Government found that it was less than of an inch from being level. The removal of several platform stones showed that the bedrock had been cut and leveled to receive each individual stone, sometimes as deep as 1 to 2 inches. On the north side the platform stones have been laid at an irregular angle, each socket being carefully cut to receive the next stone. One explanation for this irregularity of stone placement is that these northern platform stones will have greater resistance to sliding from the downward and horizontal pressures of the pyramid's face. The many surveys done on the pyramid proved that the Egyptians located the sides of the pyramid along the four Cardinal Points with extreme accuracy. Whether they used the stars, and/or the rising and setting sun, cannot be

determined. One this is certain, that whatever method they used was direct and very simple. Once the sand, gravel and loose rocks had been removed, down to the solid bedrock of the plateau, the whole pyramid site was open-cast quarried into blocks, leaving a square core for the center of the pyramid (the core is approximately 412.7 ft square, and rises approx. 46.25 feet high). These blocks were then stored outside a low wall; made of mortared stone that surrounds the core (the outside dimensions of the wall are approx. 887.3 feet square). Today there still remains the foundation of this wall on the north, south and west sides of the pyramid, at an average distance of 65 feet from the outer edge of the base casing stone. This core gives the pyramid stability from the downward and horizontal forces that will develop from the superimposed loads of blocks of stones that are piled up, as the pyramid rises. Also, from the prevailing north-west winds that exert enormous pressures on the huge areas of the pyramid's faces, thus increasing these forces further. Levelling of the entire pyramid site was accomplished by flooding the area inside the wall with water, leaving just the high spots. These them were cut down to the level of the surface of the water. Next, some of the water was released and the high spots again were cut down to the water's surface. This process was repeated until the entire pyramid site, between the core and the four walls, was leveled down to the base of the pyramid's platform.




A few of the fine limestone casing blocks remain at the base of the northern side and show how accurately the stones were dressed and fitted together. The core masonry, behind the casing stones, consists of large blocks of local limestone, quarried right on the spot, built around and over the bedrock core. The size of this core cannot be determined, since it is completely covered by the pyramid. The casing stones were of highly polished white limestone, which must have been a dazzling sight. Unlike marble, which tends to become eroded with time and weather, limestone becomes harder and more polished.





Most books and encyclopedia state that there are 2.3 million blocks of stone in the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), with no mention of method used to figure this. Socrates determined the size and weight of the blocks (a standard block), and ran a Pascal Computer Program (a mathematical model of all the blocks of stone needed; written by the author to optimize the sizes and weights of the stones) to come up with the real number of blocks used. Since the volume of passageways and internal chambers are very small compared to the high volume of the pyramid, they are ignored at this time, just as though the pyramid was built of solid stone blocks with mortared joints.




The size of the blocks are based on a chance discovery in 1837 by Howard Vyse. He found two of the original side casing blocks at the base of the pyramid, 5 ft x 8 ft x 12 ft, with an angle of 51 degrees, 51 minutes cut on one of the 12 ft. sides. Each of these stones weighed (5 x 8 x 12)/2000 = 39.9 tons before the face angle was cut. These originally were used for the side casing stones of Step No. 1, in the Pascal computer program. The sizes of all the other blocks were scaled from these two original blocks of the remaining Steps 2 to 201.




One acre = 43,560 sq. ft, or 208.71 feet on a side.For the pyramid's base, length = width = (square root of 13.097144 acres) x 208.71 feet = 755.321 feet. Or 755.321 x 12 = 9063.85 inches.Height = (755.321 x tangent 51deg 51 min)/2 = 480.783 feet. Or 480.783 x 12 = 5769.403 inches. For the cap stone base: length = width = (32.18 x 2)/tangent 51deg 51 min = 50.55 inches. The average size of a pyramid stone = (5 x 8 x 12) The average side measurement, at the base = 759.3 ft. The height used was 201 steps high, or 480 feet. (This is minus the height of the Capstone, which was one piece in itself. The number reached by the Pascal computer program was 603,728 blocks used. The solid core takes up the space of 13,016 stones. So, the actual number of stones used to build the Great Pyramid is 603,728 - 13,016 = 590,712. This figure is (2,300,000 - 590,712) = 1,709,288 blocks less than the often published 2.3 million value.





Number of platform blocks used (2.5 ft x 10 ft square), equals (759.3 x 759.3(pyramid base)) - (412.7 x 412.7(core base))/(10 x 10(platform block base)) = 4,062.Number of CORNER Casing stones where the pyramid faces meet equals 201 steps x 4 sides = 804.

Number of side casing stones equals ((244 x 127) + 8,953) = 39,941. Due to Bedrock Core, in the center of Step 1 through 10, the total number of blocks needed is reduced by 13,016. THE NUMBER OF ALL BLOCKS BEHIND THE CASING STONES EQUALS (590,712 - 804 - 39,941) = 549,967.




The average number of blocks that have to be placed each day equals (590,712 blocks)/(20years x 364.25 days) = 81 blocks per day.

If 10 crews of 300 men work on each of the four sides of the pyramid, then the totals of 40 crews and 12,000 men will be needed. Each of the crews will be responsible to place 81/40 = 2 blocks per day. The workload passes through three phases of decreasing difficulty, which are determined by the weights of the heaviest blocks: Steps 1 through 21 (60.59 to 27.24 tons) Steps 22 through 136 (17.66 to 6.44 tons) Steps 127 through 201 (3.05 to 2.63 tons) As the weight of the blocks decrease, Step to Step, the sizes of the drag crews will decrease. However, when this happens, the number of blocks needed to be dragged each day can be reduced because one large block can be dragged and cut into several smaller blocks that are needed. As the pyramid rises there is less space for the crews to work in and fewer block to be placed. In other words, the number of workers that will be needed depends on three factors of: weight of blocks, number of blocks to be placed, and the working space available.



Back in Time 3104 B.C. to the Great Pyramid- Egyptians Broke Their Backs to Build It- How the Great Pyramid Was Really Built